The association of toll-like receptor 4 gene polymorphisms with primary open angle glaucoma susceptibility: a meta-analysis.

Affiliation

Faculty of Optometry, Ramkhamhaeng University, Bangkok 10240, Thailand [Email] [Email]

Abstract

Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and normal tension glaucoma (NTG) cause irreversible blindness while current medications cannot completely inhibit disease progression. An understanding of immunopathogenesis is thus a keystone to develop novel drug targets and genetic markers are still required for early diagnosis. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is an essential player in inflammation in various diseases. However, the TLR4 polymorphisms have not been completely elucidated in both types of glaucoma. The aim of the present study was to identify the association between TLR4 polymorphism and glaucoma (POAG and NTG) via the use of a comprehensive review and meta-analysis. The relevant studies were collected from PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), and Web of Science to identify eight included articles, assessed for quality by a modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) for gene association study. A meta-analysis was applied to calculate the pooled odds-ratio and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to evaluate the association between TLR4 polymorphism and glaucoma. The results revealed that TLR4 rs1927911 A/G, rs12377632 C/T, and rs2149356 G/T significantly decrease the risk of POAG and NTG in allele contrast models 0.71-, 0.71-, and 0.67-fold, respectively. Moreover, rs4986790 A/G and rs4986791 C/T showed a stringent association with POAG in allele contrast, heterozygous, recessive, and overdominant models. In conclusion, this meta-analysis represented a significant correlation between TLR4 polymorphisms and both types of glaucoma suggesting that TLR4 might be involved in the pathogenesis of glaucoma and may be applied as a genetic marker for disease screening.

Keywords

Normal tension glaucoma (NTG),Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG),Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4),autoimmune disease,polymorphisms,

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