The binding mechanism of nitroreductase fluorescent probe: Active pocket deformation and intramolecular hydrogen bonds.


College of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]


Nitroreductase (NTR), a member of the flavoenzyme family, could react with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide by reducing nitro to amino at hypoxic tumor, which can be monitored by some fluorescent probes in vivo. Here, molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation techniques were used to explore the molecular mechanisms between NTR and probes. The results showed that formation of hydrogen bond in 1F5V-13 between A@His215 and B@Ser41 with 74.53% occupancy might be the main reason for the decrease of probe fluorescence emission in experiment. Moreover, Probe 16 was rotated by nearly 60 degrees with respect to the position of other probes in protein binding pocket, deforming the protein active pocket, changing the hydrogen bond formation, which leads to the fluorescence performance of 16 with electron donor and electron acceptor groups was superior to other probes in experiment. The deformation of protein active pocket and the formation of intramolecular hydrogen bonds revealed the difference in performance of NTR fluorescent probe at molecular level, which provide theoretical guidance for latter design of fluorescent probes with better performance.


Fluorescent probes,Mechanism,Molecular dynamics,Nitroreductase,

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