The critical role of cytochrome c maturation (CCM) system in the tolerance of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris to phenazines.


College of Plant Protection, State & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Green Pesticide Invention and Application, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China. Electronic address: [Email]


Phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (PCA), a secondary metabolite produced by Pseudomonas spp., exhibits a high inhibitory effect in Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), but less inhibitory effect in Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (Xoc), and almost no inhibitory effect in Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc). In our previous study, reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging system was reported to be involved in PCA tolerance in Xanthomonas spp. However, the PCA tolerance mechanism of Xanthomonas spp. is unclear. In the current study, we constructed a Tn5-based transposon mutant library in Xcc and four highly PCA-sensitive insertion mutants were obtained. TAIL-PCR further confirmed that the Tn5 transposon was inserted in the cytochrome c maturation (CCM) system (XC_1893, XC_1897) of these mutants. Disruption of the CCM system significantly decreased the growth, motility and tolerance of Xcc to PCA and other phenazines, such as phenazine and 1-OH-phenazine. The CCM system is responsible for the covalent attachment of the apocytochrome and heme. Disruption of the transmembrane thioredox protein (Dsb) pathway (XC_0531), an essential process for the formation of mature apocytochrome, also exhibited a decreased tolerance to PCA, suggesting that the defect of cytochrome c caused decreased tolerance of Xcc to PCA. Meanwhile, disruption of the CCM system or Dsb pathway interfered with the functions of cytochrome c proteins, causing an increased sensitivity to H2O2. Collectively, we concluded that the CCM system and Dsb pathway, regulate the tolerance of Xcc to phenazines by influencing the functions of cytochrome c. Therefore, these results provide important references for revealing the action mechanism of PCA in Xanthomonas spp.


Action mechanism,Cytochrome c,Cytochrome c maturation system,Phenazines,Tolerance,Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris,

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