The detection of mercury ion using DNA as sensors based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer.


Institute of Life Sciences, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, China. Electronic address: [Email]


Mercury ion (Hg2+) is a heavy metal that can cause serious water pollution. With the accumulation of large quantities in lakes, rivers, freshwater and aquatic life, Hg2+ can pass through the food chain, entering the human body and endangering health. Hg2+ detection has therefore become important thereby attracting extensive interests. Currently, several DNA-based sensors have been used for Hg2+ detection because they are not easy to degrade and are very stable. This paper summarizes the application of some DNA-based sensors based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), analyzes their characteristic, and compares their sensitivity. Future perspectives and possible challenges in this area are also outlined.


DNA-based sensors,Detection,High sensitivity,Mercury ion,