Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA; Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address: [Email]
BACKGROUND : The Single immunoglobin interleukin-1 (IL-1)-related receptor (Sigirr), also known as IL-1R8, has been shown to exhibit broad anti-inflammatory effects against inflammatory diseases including acute lung injury, while molecular regulation of IL-1R8/Sigirr protein stability has not been reported. This study is designed to determine whether stabilization of IL-1R8/Sigirr by a deubiquitinating enzyme (DUB) is sufficient to suppress inflammatory responses and lessen lung inflammation. METHODS : A molecular signature of ubiquitination and degradation of IL-1R8/Sigirr was determined using a receptor ligation chase model. The anti-inflammatory effects on USP13 were investigated. USP13 knockout mice were evaluated for stabilization of IL-1R8/Sigirr and disease phenotype in an acute lung injury model. RESULTS : IL-1R8/Sigirr degradation is mediated by the ubiquitin-proteasome system, through site-specific ubiquitination. This effect was antagonized by the DUB USP13. USP13 levels correlate directly with IL-1R8/Sigirr, and both proteins were reduced in cells and tissue from mice subjected to inflammatory injury by the TLR4 agonist lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Knockdown of USP13 in cells increased IL-1R8/Sigirr poly-ubiquitination and reduced its stability, which enhanced LPS-induced TLR4 signaling and cytokine release. Likewise, USP13-deficient mice were highly susceptible to LPS or Pseudomonas aeruginosa models of inflammatory lung injury. IL-1R8/Sigirr overexpression in cells or by pulmonary viral transduction attenuated the inflammatory phenotype conferred by the USP13-/- genotype. CONCLUSIONS : Stabilization of IL-1R8/Sigirr by USP13 describes a novel anti-inflammatory pathway in diseases that could provide a new strategy to modulate immune activation. FUND: This study was supported by the US National Institutes of Health (R01HL131665, HL136294 to Y.Z., R01 GM115389 to J.Z.).