The effect of dry-weight reduction guided by lung ultrasound on ambulatory blood pressure in hemodialysis patients: a randomized controlled trial.


Department of Nephrology, Hippokration Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. Electronic address: [Email]


Approximately 85% of hemodialysis patients are hypertensive, but less than 30% achieve adequate blood pressure (BP) control. Reduction of volume overload is fundamental for BP control, but clinical criteria to estimate dry-weight are inaccurate. In the present study we examined the effect of dry-weight reduction with a lung-ultrasound-guided strategy on ambulatory BP in 71 clinically euvolemic hemodialysis patients with hypertension. Patients were equally randomized into an active group, following a strategy for dry-weight reduction guided by pre-hemodialysis lung ultrasound, and a control group with standard-of-care treatment. All patients underwent 48-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) at baseline and after eight weeks. Overall, more patients in the active than in the control group had dry weight reduction, 54.3% compared to 13.9%, respectively. The ultrasonographic-B line change during follow-up was significantly different (-5.3±12.5 in active versus +2.2±7.6 in control group), which corresponded to significant differences in dry weight changes between the groups. The magnitude of reductions in 48-hour systolic BP (-6.61±9.57 vs. -0.67±13.07) and diastolic BP (-3.85±6.34 vs. -0.55±8.28) was significantly greater in the active group. Similarly, intradialytic BP, 44-hour BP, and daytime or night-time systolic/diastolic BP during both days of the interdialytic interval were significantly reduced in the active group but remained unchanged in the control group. The percentage of patients experiencing one or more intradialytic hypotensive episodes was marginally lower in the active group (34.3% vs. 55.6%). Thus, a lung-ultrasound-guided strategy for dry-weight reduction can effectively and safely reduce ambulatory BP levels in hemodialysis patients. Clinical implementation of this simple technique can help increase BP control in this population.


ambulatory blood pressure monitoring,dry-weight reduction,hemodialysis,hypertension,lung ultrasound,