The effect of maternal grafts in early acute cellular rejection after pediatric living-donor liver transplantation.


Department of Pediatric Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan. [Email]


OBJECTIVE : Living-donor liver transplantations (LDLTs) with maternal grafts can be more successful than those with paternal grafts because of their tolerance to non-inherited maternal antigens. We reviewed LDLT patients to investigate the relationship between acute rejection and donor sex.
METHODS : LDLT patients between January 2010 and November 2015 were enrolled. ACR was defined by a rejection activity index of > 3.
RESULTS : Forty-six patients (22 males and 24 females), of whom 28 had biliary atresia, were enrolled. The median age of the patients was 2.8 years and the donor types were maternal (n = 25) and paternal (n = 21). Acute cellular rejection (ACR) was observed in 22 patients. Twelve (48%) of the 25 patients in the maternal group had at least one episode of rejection compared with 10 (48%) of the 21 in the paternal group. Among the patients with ACR, the first rejection in the maternal group occurred significantly earlier than that in the paternal group (p < 0.01). In the multivariable analysis, the only variable significantly related to the first rejection day after LDLT was donor sex (male) (p < 0.005).
CONCLUSIONS : Our results showed that maternal grafts had an effect on causing earlier ACR in LDLT.


Acute cellular rejection,Antibody-mediated rejection,Biliary atresia,Living-donor liver transplantation,Maternal microchimerism,Pediatric,