The effects of caffeine ingestion on isokinetic muscular strength: A meta-analysis.

Affiliation

Institute for Health and Sport (IHES), Victoria University, Australia. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : The aims of this paper are threefold: (1) to summarize the research examining the effects of caffeine on isokinetic strength, (2) pool the effects using a meta-analysis, and (3) to explore if there is a muscle group or a velocity specific response to caffeine ingestion.
METHODS : Meta-analysis.
METHODS : PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus were searched using relevant terms. The PEDro checklist was used for the assessment of study quality. A random-effects meta-analysis of standardized mean differences (SMDs) was done.
RESULTS : Ten studies of good and excellent methodological quality were included. The SMD for the effects of caffeine on strength was 0.16 (95% CI=0.06, 0.26; p=0.003; +5.3%). The subgroup analysis for knee extensor isokinetic strength showed a significant difference (p=0.004) between the caffeine and placebo conditions with SMD value of 0.19 (95% CI=0.06, 0.32; +6.1%). The subgroup analysis for the effects of caffeine on isokinetic strength of other, smaller muscle groups indicated no significant difference (p=0.092) between the caffeine and placebo conditions. The subgroup analysis for knee extensor isokinetic strength at angular velocities of 60°s-1 and 180°s-1 showed a significant difference between the caffeine and placebo conditions; however, no significant effect (p=0.193) was found at an angular velocity of 30°s-1.
CONCLUSIONS : This meta-analysis demonstrates that acute caffeine ingestion caffeine may significantly increase isokinetic strength. Additionally, this meta-analysis reports that the effects of caffeine on isokinetic muscular strength are predominantly manifested in knee extensor muscles and at greater angular velocities.

Keywords

Caffeine,Exercise,Muscles,Power,Torque,