The role of retrograde intraflagellar transport genes in aminoglycoside-induced hair cell death.


Program in Neuroscience, Lafayette College, Easton, PA 18042, USA [Email]


Sensory hair cells are susceptible to numerous insults, including certain therapeutic medications like aminoglycoside antibiotics, and hearing and balance disorders are often a dose-limiting side effect of these medications. We show that mutations in multiple genes in both the retrograde intraflagellar transport (IFT) motor and adaptor complexes lead to resistance to aminoglycoside-induced hair cell death. These mutations also lead to defects in the entry of both aminoglycosides and the vital dye FM1-43 into hair cells, both processes that depend on hair cell mechanotransduction activity. However, the trafficking of proteins important for mechanotransduction activity is not altered by these mutations. Our data suggest that both retrograde IFT motor and adaptor complex genes are playing a role in aminoglycoside toxicity through affecting aminoglycoside uptake into hair cells.


Aminoglycosides,Cilia,Hair cells,Intraflagellar transport,Ototoxicity,