The utility of anti-SOX2 antibodies for cancer prediction in patients with paraneoplastic neurological disorders.

Affiliation

Department of Neurology, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Antibodies to SOXB1 proteins in patients with paraneoplastic disorders are associated with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), particularly in Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS). We aimed to establish if SOX2 antibodies could be used to identify SCLC and other tumours found in a range of paraneoplastic disorders and controls. SOX2 antibodies were detectable in 61% of patients with LEMS-SCLC, and in other paraneoplastic disorders, such as opsoclonus-myoclonus and paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration, only when there was an underlying SCLC. SOX2 antibodies are specific (>90%) markers for SCLC, but are rarely found in patients with other tumours, whether neurological symptoms are present or not.

Keywords

Antibodies,Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome,Paraneoplastic,SOX2,Small-cell lung cancer,