Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: [Email]
Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic used for treatment of severe Gram-positive bacterial infection. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of teicoplanin and to review our clinical experience. We established an LC-MS/MS method to analyze serum concentration of teicoplanin using simple protein precipitation with a 5 min run time for each sample. The linearity, lower limit of quantitation, detection accuracy, precision, carryover, matrix effect, and extraction recovery were evaluated. From September 2014 to June 2017, a total of 421 serum teicoplanin concentrations was measured in 223 patients. We collected demographic and clinical data, medication history, and laboratory findings through retrospective review of medical records. The LC-MS/MS method was linear for serum teicoplanin concentrations in the range of 12.0-89.0 μg/mL. The intra- and inter-assay precisions were below CV 7.5%. The accuracy was less than ±10% bias. The lower limit of quantification was 0.2 μg/mL. The extraction recovery ranged from 88.8% to 96.6%. Of 421 measurements, 87 (20.7%) were subtherapeutic (< 10 μg/mL), and four (0.9%) were above the toxic threshold (≥ 60 μg/mL). Serum teicoplanin concentration was measured once in 140 patients (63%), and multiple measurements were completed for the others (83 patients, 37%). Intra-patient variability in teicoplanin concentration was found (CV 33%, range 2-94%). Our simple and rapid LC-MS/MS method was successfully applied in TDM of teicoplanin in clinical practice. Such TDM of teicoplanin may be useful for individualized dose adjustment.