Therapeutic medications against diabetes: What we have and what we expect.

Affiliation

Shanghai Diabetes Institute, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Diabetes Mellitus, Shanghai Key Clinical Center for Metabolic Diseases, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai 200233, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Diabetes has become one of the largest global health and economic burdens, with its increased prevalence and high complication ratio. Stable and satisfactory blood glucose control are vital to reduce diabetes-related complications. Therefore, continuous attempts have been made in antidiabetic drugs, treatment routes, and traditional Chinese medicine to achieve better disease control. New antidiabetic drugs and appropriate combinations of these drugs have increased diabetes control significantly. Besides, novel treatment routes including oral antidiabetic peptide delivery, nanocarrier delivery system, implantable drug delivery system are also pivotal for diabetes control, with its greater efficiency, increased bioavailability, decreased toxicity and reduced dosing frequency. Among these new routes, nanotechnology, artificial pancreas and islet cell implantation have shown great potential in diabetes therapy. Traditional Chinese medicine also offer new options for diabetes treatment. Our paper aim to overview these therapeutic methods for diabetes therapy. Proper combinations of these existing anti-diabetic medications and searching for novel routes are both necessary for better diabetes control.

Keywords

Diabetes,Drug delivery,Natural product,Treatment,