Thermal properties of an exopolysaccharide produced by a marine thermotolerant Bacillus licheniformis by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy.


Dept of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, V.le Ferdinando Stagno D' Alcontres 31, 98166 Messina, Italy. Electronic address: [Email]


The novel exopolysaccharide (EPS-B3-15) produced by the marine thermotolerant Bacillus licheniformis strain B3-15, constituted by mannose and glucose, has been recently reported as a valuable biopolymer in pharmaceutical applications. To dynamically characterize the thermal behavior of the whole EPS-B3-15 system, the Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectroscopy technique was used over a temperature range from ambient to 78.5 °C. The molecular changes of EPS-B3-15 during the heating process were evaluated by the spectral distance (SD) and wavelet cross-correlation (XWT) analysis. The thermal analysis revealed that the EPS-B3-15 possessed high stability until 78.5 °C. As evaluated by SD and XWT, the molecular structure of EPS-B3-15 at 45 °C was partially modified, due to -OH groups and the -COOH and -OH interactions, conferring a new conformational structure to the biopolymer. The thermal characterization provides novel information about the molecular conformations of the whole EPS-B3-15 system at different temperatures. The thermostable EPS-B3-15 can be successfully employed for biotechnological, nanotechnological and material science applications even at high temperatures.


Attenuated-total-reflectance fourier-transform infra-red spectroscopy,Extremophiles,Thermal analysis,

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