Thromboembolic infarction caused by an unknown patent foramen ovale 30 years after VA shunt insertion: a case report and review of the literature.


Department of Neurosurgery, Goethe-University, Schleusenweg 2-16, 60528, Frankfurt, Germany. [Email]


Ventriculoatrial shunt (VA) insertion is one of the possible surgical procedures to treat hydrocephalus. However, it is also associated with several complications such as obstruction and shunt infection as well as life-threatening complications like intraatrial thrombus or thrombosis on the distal catheter. In this case report, we share a rare case of a patient with a VA shunt, who was admitted to our hospital with a stroke.


Migrated catheter tip,Stroke,Unknown PFO,Ventriculoatrial shunt,