Lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) for recurrence of lateral pelvic lymph node metastasis after rectal cancer surgery is technically demanding because of the need for re-do surgery. We herein report a novel technique of laparoscopic LLND via a totally extraperitoneal (TEP) approach. Since October 2018, we have performed LLND based on a TEP approach, called "M TEP LLND", with two cases treated. By peeling in the caudal direction in the dorsal layer of the rectus abdominis muscle, a working space is created once the extraperitoneal space is reached, and LLND is performed. All lateral pelvic lymph node dissection procedures have been successfully completed, and there have been no intraoperative or postoperative complications. This procedure allows TEP-experienced colorectal surgeons to perform safe and complete LLND without any influence of intraperitoneal adhesion or intestinal obstruction. M TEP LLND is less invasive than the conventional intraperitoneal approach and appears to be useful, particularly for recurrence of lateral pelvic lymph node metastasis.