Transcranial Optical Monitoring of Cerebral Hemodynamics in Acute Stroke Patients during Mechanical Thrombectomy.

Affiliation

Institute of Physics, University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil; Brazilian Institute of Neuroscience and Neurotechnology, Campinas, SP, Brazil; Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : Mechanical thrombectomy is revolutionizing treatment of acute stroke due to large vessel occlusion (LVO). Unfortunately, use of the modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score (mTICI) to characterize recanalization of the cerebral vasculature does not address microvascular perfusion of the distal parenchyma, nor provide more than a vascular "snapshot." Thus, little is known about tissue-level hemodynamic consequences of LVO recanalization. Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) and diffuse optical spectroscopy (DOS) are promising methods for continuous, noninvasive, contrast-free transcranial monitoring of cerebral microvasculature.
METHODS : Here, we use a combined DCS/DOS system to monitor frontal lobe hemodynamic changes during endovascular treatment of 2 patients with ischemic stroke due to internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusions.
CONCLUSIONS : The monitoring instrument identified a recanalization-induced increase in ipsilateral cerebral blood flow (CBF) with little or no concurrent change in contralateral CBF and extracerebral blood flow. The results suggest that diffuse optical monitoring is sensitive to intracerebral hemodynamics in patients with ICA occlusion and can measure microvascular responses to mechanical thrombectomy.

Keywords

Cerebral blood flow measurement,diffuse correlation spectroscopy,ischemic stroke,mechanical thrombectomy,near-infrared spectroscopy,recanalization,