Transcriptional responses to DNA damage.

Affiliation

Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA; Biomedical Sciences Program, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In response to the threat of DNA damage, cells exhibit a dramatic and multi-factorial response spanning from transcriptional changes to protein modifications, collectively known as the DNA damage response (DDR). Here, we review the literature surrounding the transcriptional response to DNA damage. We review differences in observed transcriptional responses as a function of cell cycle stage and emphasize the importance of experimental design in these transcriptional response studies. We additionally consider topics including structural challenges in the transcriptional response to DNA damage as well as the connection between transcription and protein abundance.