Transformation pathway and degradation mechanism of methylene blue through β-FeOOH@GO catalyzed photo-Fenton-like system.

Affiliation

School of Ecological & Environmental Science, Shanghai Key Laboratory for Urban Ecological Process and Eco-Restoration, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China; Institute of Eco-Chongming, Shanghai 200062, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

To enhance the catalytic and separation properties of akaganéite nanoparticles, rice spike-like akaganéite impregnated graphene oxide (β-FeOOH@GO) nanocomposite was fabricated through facile hydrolysis. The apparent first-order decolorization rate of methylene blue (MB) in β-FeOOH@GO catalyzed photo Fenton-like system was 0.6322 min-1 about 3 folds that of prinstine β-FeOOH nanoparticles. The degradation intermediates of MB adsorbed on the solid surface of β-FeOOH@GO were comprehensively identified with time of flight-secondary ion mass spectroscopy (TOF-SIMS) for the first time. Newly identified sulfoxide intermediates, sulphone intermediates and desulfurization intermediates and N-demethylaton or dedimethamine intermediates were reported for the first time. The proposed degradation pathway of MB predominantly proceeded with the rupture of phenothiazine rings oxided with OH, and singlet oxygen (1O2) radicals, which fully extending the reaction pathways proposed in previous work in literature. The enhanced catalytic activity of β-FeOOH@GO was ascribed to the formation of heterojunctions confirmed by the presence of FeOC chemical bonds through X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The complete elimination of MB and its acute toxicity to Luminous bacteria showed that β-FeOOH@GO would be served as a highly efficient Fenton-like catalyst for treatment of high concentration refractory organic contaminant.

Keywords

Degradation mechanism,Graphene oxide,Methylene blue,Photo-Fenton-like reaction,β-FeOOH,

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