Trauma center transfer of elderly patients with mild Traumatic Brain Injury improves outcomes.


New York University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, 462 First Avenue, NBV 15 N1, 10016, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : Elderly patients with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) are frequently transferred to designated Trauma Centers (TC). We hypothesized that TC transfer is associated with improved outcomes.
METHODS : Retrospective study utilizing the National Trauma Databank. Demographics, injury and outcomes data were abstracted. Patients were dichotomized by transfer to a designated level I/II TC vs. not. Multivariate regression was used to derive the adjusted primary outcome, mortality, and secondary outcomes, complications and discharge disposition.
RESULTS : 19,664 patients were included, with a mean age of 78.1 years. 70% were transferred to a level I/II TC. Transferred patients had a higher ISS (12 vs. 10, p < 0.001). Mortality was significantly lower in patients transferred to level I/II TCs (5.6% vs. 6.2%, Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) 0.84, p = 0.011), as was the likelihood of discharge to skilled nursing facilities (26.4% vs. 30.2%, AOR 0.80, p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS : Elderly patients with mild TBI transferred to level I/II TCs have improved outcomes. Which patients with mild TBI require level I/II TC care should be examined prospectively.


Elderly,Mortality,Outcomes,Traumatic brain injury,Triage,