Treatment of furazolidone contaminated water using banana pseudostem biochar engineered with facile synthesized magnetic nanocomposites.

Affiliation

Department of Biological Engineering, College of Engineering, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Republic of Korea; Institute for Ubiquitous Information Technology and Applications (CBRU), Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The present study enlightens facile synthesis and characterization of magnetic biochar derived from waste banana pseudostem biomass for the removal of nitrofuran antibiotic 'furazolidone' (FZD). Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), magnetic hysteresis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) revealed successful hybridization of magnetic nanocomposites with biochar (BPB600). The maximum adsorption capacity of magnetic BPB600 was 96.81% (37.86 mg g-1), which was significantly higher than the non-coated BPB600 (77.25%; 31.45 mg g-1). Adsorption kinetics data fitted well with pseudo-second order, and Elovich model demonstrating dominance of the chemisorption mechanism. Furthermore, the response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to evaluate the interactive effect of pH, temperature, and FZD concentration on adsorption. Therefore, the results of present study would provide an effective strategy to tackle antibiotic contaminants responsible for the antibiotic resistance genes or bacteria that decreases the therapeutic value of antibiotics.

Keywords

Adsorption,Antibiotics,Banana pseudostem,Furazolidone,Magnetic biochar,

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