Two-dimensional membrane scaffold for the oriented immobilization of biosensing molecules.


The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka, 567-0047, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]


The orientation and density of biosensing molecules on sensor chip should be precisely controlled to improve sensitivity and ligand-binding capacity. We previously developed a ~30-nm bio-nanocapsule (ZZ-BNC), consisting of the hepatitis B virus envelope L protein fused with the tandem form of protein A-derived IgG Fc-binding Z domain (ZZ-L protein). This is used as a robust nanoparticle scaffold to enhance the sensitivity and ligand-binding capacity of IgGs and Fc-fused sensing molecules (Fc-fused receptors). However, due to their rigid particle structure, the surface density of ZZ-L proteins could not be optimized for biosensor functions, and useless ZZ-L proteins become stuck between ZZ-BNC and the sensor chip. Here, we have developed a planar lipid membrane embedded with ZZ-L micelles (ZZ-L membrane), which could modify the surface of any biosensor chip with a controlled density of ZZ-L proteins. Compared with ZZ-BNC, the sensitivity and ligand-binding capacity of IgGs were enhanced about 10-fold with the ZZ-L membrane. Furthermore, the immobilized IgGs could capture their respective antigens almost stoichiometrically, indicating that ZZ-L membrane is the most ideal scaffold for Fc-fused sensing molecules in terms of both clustering and oriented immobilization.


Bio-nanocapsule,Oriented immobilization,Scaffold,Sensing molecule,Two-dimensional membrane,

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