Ultra-sensitive detection by metal nanoparticles-mediated enhanced SPR biosensors.

Affiliation

Research Center for Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology, Biomedicine Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR), as an optical technique, has widely been used for the detection of biomarkers. Various investigations have been conducted to address the impacts of SPR on the kinetics of biological interactions between the ligand and its cognate bio-element. Up until now, different biofunctionalized metal nanoparticles (NPs) have been used for the ultrasensitive detection of biomarkers in the enhanced SPR. The enhancement of plasmonic properties and refractive index by means of metal NPs in SPR-based biosensors have significantly improved the diagnosis and monitoring of molecular markers in different disesaes including malignancies. In all the enhanced SPR systems utilized for the direct/sandwich assay, each NP is covalently modified with the analyte molecules like antibody (Ab) or a nucleic acid such as DNA/RNA aptamer (Ap) capable of interaction with the related biomarker(s). The increasing of density near the gold surface and plasmonic coupling of gold film and NPs can provide a large shift in the refractive index enhancing the plasmonic resonance because the SPR response unit is sensitive to alteration of the refractive index and the mass shifting onto the chip surface. In this study, we review the potential applications of two major NPs for enhancing the SPR signals for the detection of molecular biomarkers, including gold and magnetic NPs.

Keywords

Biomarker detection,Gold nanoparticles,Magnetic nanoparticles,Surface plasmon resonance,