Ultrasonication-ionic liquid synergy for the synthesis of new potent anti-tuberculosis 1,2,4-triazol-1-yl-pyrazole based spirooxindolopyrrolizidines.


Department of Chemistry, National Institute of Technology, Warangal 506 004, Telangana, India. Electronic address: [Email]


The aim of the study is to design and synthesis of a new series of potent anti-TB 1,2,4-triazol-1-yl-pyrazole based spirooxindolopyrrolizidines with their safety profile. A synergetic effect of ultrasonication and ionic liquid was shown successfully as a green methodology for the synthesis of title compounds 6a-t. These derivatives were obtained in shorter reaction time with good yields and well characterized by various spectroscopic methods, single-crystal X-ray diffraction (6f). The in vitro anti-tuberculosis activity for newly-synthesized derivatives has been screened against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Among all, six compounds 6e, 6k, 6l, 6n, 6q and 6r exhibited equal potent activity compared to standard drug ethambutol (MIC: 1.56 µg/mL) and another compound 6h exhibited outstanding activity (MIC: 0.78 µg/mL) than the standard drug ethambutol. Cytotoxic nature of the anti-TB active compounds was evaluated against RAW 264.7 cells. The 6h, 6e, 6k, 6l, 6n, 6q and 6r exhibited lower toxicity which could be promising hits for anti-tuberculosis.


Anti-tuberculosis activity,Cytotoxicity,Green methodology,Spirooxindoles,Ultrasonication-ionic liquid synergy,