Drug Delivery, Disposition and Dynamics, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence in Convergent Bio-Nano Science and Technology, Monash University, 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia. Electronic address: [Email]
Lipid-based formulations (LBF) are widely used by industry and accepted by the regulatory authorities for oral drug delivery in the pharmaceutical and consumer healthcare market. Innovation in the LBF field is however needed in order to meet the demands of modern drugs, their more challenging problem statements and growing needs for achieving optimal pharmacokinetics (i.e., no food-effects, low variability) on approval. This review describes a new lipophilic salt / ionic liquid approach in combination with LBF, and how this salt strategy can be used to better tailor the properties of a drug to LBFs. The potential advantages of lipophilic salts are discussed in the context of dose escalation studies during toxicological evaluation, reducing the pill burden, increasing drug absorption of new drugs and in life-cycle management. Commentary on lipophilic salt synthesis, scale-up, LBF design and the regulatory aspects are also provided. These topics are discussed in the broad context of bringing the widely recognized advantages of LBFs to a broader spectrum of drugs.