Primary hyperparathyroidism is one of the most frequent endocrine disorders. Its diagnosis is biochemical. Imaging techniques are not useful for the diagnosis of this pathology; they are just tools for pre-surgical localization. In this continuing education, we will analyze the different imaging modalities used in this indication, focusing on Nuclear Medicine. The most commonly used imaging technique in this context is the parathyroid scintigraphy, nowadays double phase protocol with 99mTc-MIBI and the double tracer with 99mTc-MIBI/99mTc-pertechnetate, associated in the first case to SPECT or SPECT/CT, in an early or late phase. The PET/CT with different tracers is showing good results, especially applied to cases of failure in the pre-surgical scintigraphic localization. We expose the results of the morphological imaging techniques as well as the usefulness of combining techniques.