Upregulation of endogenous erythropoietin expression by DLBS6747, a bioactive fraction of Ipomoea batatas L. leaves, via increasing HIF1α transcription factor in HEK293 kidney cells.

Author

Olivia Mayasari Tandrasasmita

Affiliation

Dexa Laboratories of Biomolecular Sciences (DLBS), Industri Selatan V Block PP No. 7, Jababeka Industrial Estate II, Cikarang 17550, West Java, Indonesia. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : Ipomoea batatas L., locally known as ubi jalar, is widely used in Indonesia and other countries as a folk remedy for various chronic diseases, including anemia-associated chronic kidney disease by increasing hematological parameters such as packed cell volume, white blood cells and platelet counts.
OBJECTIVE : The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of DLBS6747, a bioactive fraction of I. batatas L. leaves, on increasing EPO expression through the upregulation of HIF1α.
METHODS : Effect of DLBS6747 on EPO expression and its transcription factor, HIFs, was evaluated in normoxia and hypoxia conditions. Effect of DLBS6747 on several genes involved in EPO expression were evaluated in a time-course manner using conventional and real-time PCR, while the protein level were revealed using western blot and ELISA. The involvement of HIF1α was also confirmed by HIF1α siRNA.
RESULTS : Administration of DLBS6747 increased transcriptional activity of EPO through the regulation of its transcriptional factors, which include HIF1α, HIF2α and NFᴋB. The effect was found to be dependent on oxygen availability, wherein DLBS6747-increased EPO expression was found to be more significant in hypoxic condition. In normoxia and hypoxia, 40 μg/mL DLBS6747 increased HIF1α and HIF2α expressions at mRNA level, wherein the peak appeared in 12 h treatment (up to 7.9- and 8.6-folds, respectively). On the other hand, increased protein level was only found in hypoxia, where the highest HIF1α expression was observed at 6 h (7.5-folds increase) and started to decrease after the hours, while HIF2α was found to be increased time-dependently (up to 13.8-folds in 24 h). The mechanism of action of DLBS6747 as erythropoietin stimulating agent is more likely to affect the regulation of HIF1α, as confirmed by HIF1α siRNA which showed that DLBS6747 failed to increase EPO expression during co-incubation with HIF1α siRNA. DLBS6747 treatment also decreased NFᴋB time-dependently in normoxia, while no NFᴋB was detected in hypoxia, which revealed mimicking hypoxia activity of DLBS6747 to increase EPO expression.
CONCLUSIONS : These findings showed convincing evidences that DLBS6747 increases endogenous EPO production primarily via upregulation of its transcription factors, especially HIF1α, in human embryonic kidney HEK293 cells. This is the first molecular report that reveals the mechanism of action of natural-based erythropenia drug in different oxygen availability.

Keywords

DLBS6747,Erythropoietin,Erythropoietin stimulating agent,Hypoxia,Hypoxia inducible factor-1α,Ipomoea batatas L.,