Urinary podocyte-associated mRNA profile in Egyptian patients with diabetic nephropathy.

Affiliation

Nephrology unit, Internal Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : Podocyte injury and subsequent excretion in urine play a crucial role in the pathogenesis and progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Quantification of messenger RNA expression in urinary sediment by real-time PCR is emerging as a noninvasive method of screening DN-associated biomarkers. We aimed to study the expression of podocyte-associated genes in urinary sediment and their relation to disease severity in type 2 diabetic Egyptian patients with diabetic nephropathy.
METHODS : ology: Sixty patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were recruited in addition to twenty non diabetic healthy volunteers. Relative mRNA abundance of nephrin, podocalyxin, and podocin were quantified, and correlations between target mRNAs and clinical parameters were examined.
RESULTS : The urinary mRNA levels of all genes studied were significantly higher in diabetics compared with controls (p < 0.001), and mRNA levels increased with DN progression. Urinary mRNA levels of all target genes positively correlated with both UAE and HbA1c. The expression of nephrin, podocalyxin, and podocin mRNA correlated with serum creatinine {(r = 0.397, p value = 0.002), (r = 0.431, p value = 0.001), (r = 0.433, p value = 0.001) respectively}.
CONCLUSIONS : The urinary mRNA profiles of nephrin, podocalyxin, and podocin were found to increase with the progression of DN, which suggested that quantification of podocyte-associated molecules will be useful biomarkers of DN.

Keywords

Diabetic nephropathy,Nephrin,Podocalyxin,Podocyte,

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