Use of Transcatheter Valves for Open Surgical Mitral Valve Replacement. Australian Experience.

Affiliation

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Vic, Australia. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : Mitral valve procedures remain a surgical challenge in the presence of extensive annular calcification, which presents a formidable technical challenge. Aggressive debridement is limited by risk of serious complications and the technical complexity of pericardial patch reconstruction of the debrided area.
METHODS : An open surgical approach with a transcatheter valve allows the valve to be placed under direct visualisation to facilitate positioning and to evaluate the likelihood of both perivalvular leakage and atrioventricular disruption. The open approach has the additional advantage of performing concomitant surgeries like other valve procedures, arrhythmias surgeries and coronary bypass.
RESULTS : We present our experience with open surgical mitral valve replacement (MVR) using transcatheter valve in different patients requiring varied procedures. These patients were not suitable for MVR using standard prosthetic valve and techniques. They were also not suitable for percutaneous MVR because of heavily calcified anterior mitral leaflet and the other concomitant procedures required.
CONCLUSIONS : Open MVR with a transcatheter balloon-expandable valve can avoid the need for technically challenging and high-risk decalcification of mitral annulus. These novel techniques using transcatheter valves can be successful in complex cases where standard prosthetic valves are impossible to implant in a heavily calcified mitral annulus.

Keywords

Edwards Sapien valve,Extensive mitral annular calcification,Open mitral valve replacement,Transcatheter aortic valve,