Faculty of Pharmacy, Analytical Chemistry Department, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir, 35100, Turkey; Biotechnology Department, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir, 35100, Turkey. Electronic address: [Email]
The development of a low-cost and disposable biosensing technologies has received a great interest of healthcare for the sensitive and reliable detection of single nucleotide mutation related to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). In the present study, an impedimetric biosensing platform based on zip nucleic acids (ZNA) was developed for the sensitive detection of Factor V Leiden (FV Leiden) mutation. After optimization of experimental parameters, the sequence selective hybridization between ZNA probe and target related to FV Leiden mutation was evaluated via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy technique (EIS) by measuring changes at the charge transfer resistance, Rct. Sensitive and selective impedimetric analysis was performed using carbon nanofiber (CNF) modified screen printed electrodes (SPE) and multi-channel screen printed array of electrodes (MULTIx8 CNF-SPE) resulting in a relatively shorter time in comparison to conventional methods. The selectivity of ZNA probe to mutation-free DNA sequences was also investigated. The applicability of single-use ZNA biosensor was also tested in synthetic PCR samples containing a single base mutation.