He Y(1)(2), Margoni F(3), Wu Y(4), Liu H(5)(6). Author information:
(1)Research Center of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Normal
University, Dalian, 116029, China.
(2)Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Dalian, Liaoning, China.
(3)Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
(4)Faculty of Foreign Languages, Ningbo University, Ningbo, China.
(5)Research Center of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Normal
University, Dalian, 116029, China. [Email]
(6)Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Dalian, Liaoning, China.
Research indicates that the foreign language effect on decision making can be partially explained by a reduction in emotional response in the second language. In this fMRI study, we aimed at elucidating the neural mechanisms underpinning the interaction between language and emotion in decision making. Across multiple trials, Chinese-English bilinguals were asked to decide whether to gamble in a Gambling task, and received feedbacks either in L1 (Chinese) or in L2 (English). If they gambled, feedbacks were either positively or negatively valenced words; if they did not gamble, feedback was the word 'safe'. We assessed how emotionally valenced words were processed in the two languages, and how this processing influenced subsequent decision making. Overall, we found evidence that in L2 context, but not in L1 context, loss aversion was mediated by the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) which also showed strong functional connectivity with the visual cortex, suggesting an avoidance mechanism for negative stimuli in L2. However, we also found an enhanced response to positive feedbacks in L2 compared to L1, as evidenced by greater activation of the hippocampus for win feedbacks compared to safe feedbacks in L2, eventually resulting in a greater tendency to gamble. Thus, foreign language influenced decision making by both regulating emotional response to negative stimuli and enhancing emotional response to positive stimuli. This study helps unveiling the neural bases of the interaction between language and emotion in the foreign language context.
Having over 250 Research scholars worldwide and more than 400 articles online with open access.